The Konbaung Dynasty, , sometimes called the Alaungpaya Dynasty or the House of Alompra by the British colonial rulers) was the. The Konbaung Dynasty was the last dynasty that ruled Burma (Myanmar), from to The dynasty created the second largest empire in Burmese history, . Alaungpaya (reigned –) unified Myanmar and founded the Konbaung Dynasty, sometimes referred to as the Third Burmese dynasty, which held power .
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Title, Literal meaning, Lineage, Reign, Notes: Alaungpaya reigned — unified Myanmar and founded the Konbaung Dynasty, sometimes referred to as the Third Burmese dynasty, which held power until the British annexed Upper Myanmar in King Alaungpaya founded Rangoon in and sacked and almost completely destroyed the Mon capital of Pegu in Refusing to become a Mon vassal, Alaungpaya organized a resistance movement.
Claiming descent from a 15th-century Myanmar king, Alaungpaya established a new Myanmar capital at Moksobomyo. In he recaptured Ava and went on the offensive in southern Myanmar. In he captured the city of Pegu.
Alaungpaya established effective control over the whole area previously under the rule of the Toungoo dynasty. Because the French had allied themselves with the Mon, Alaungpaya was eager to gain British support. In he concluded a treaty with the British East India Company, granting it generous trade concessions. But the company, at war with the French in India, was unwilling to involve itself on a second front in Myanmar.
In October the king’s troops massacred British merchants at Negrais who were suspected of aiding a local revolt. Alaungpaya’s last campaign was an invasion of Siam Thailand. He led an army through the town of Tavoy southward to Tenasserim and then northward to Ayutthaya, the Siamese capital. During the siege he was wounded.
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Hsinbyushin ruled — was the third king of the Konbaung Dynasty. Pursuing a policy of expansion at the expense of practically all his neighbours, he invaded and sacked Ayutthaya in Siam, attacked Chiang Mai and Laos, invaded Manipur and successfully repulsed four Chinese invasions. Hsinbyushin’s most important single project was the subjugation of Siam now Thailand.
When the Siamese capital of Ayutthaya fell in Aprilhe deported thousands of prisoners to Myanmar. According to the Siamese chronicles. Not content with just conquering Siam, Hsinbyushin invaded the Hindu kingdom of Manipur in present-day Manipur state. India three times for slaves and plunder. When the king claimed suzerainty over the country in the third invasion, he could then threaten British India.
The greatest threat to Hsinbyushin’s power came from China. Myanmar aggressiveness in the Shan states, Laos and Chiang Mai then the capital of the kingdom of Lan Na led the emperor of China to launch four expeditions against Myanmar in In a treaty was signed that provided for trade and diplomatic missions between the two countries. In a revolt broke out in southern Myanmar.
On his death three years later, he was succeeded by his son. Bodawpaya ruled — was sixth monarch of the Konbaung Dynasty.
KONBAUNG DYNASTY () | Facts and Details
A son of Alaungpaya, the founder of dynasth dynasty, he invaded and annexed Kombaung, attacked Ayutthaya dynastu was in power when the long conflict began with the British. ,onbaung came to power after deposing and executing his grandnephew Maung Maung.
In Bodawpaya invaded Arakan, the maritime kingdom on the eastern coast of the Bay of Bengal, captured its king Thamada. When Arakan was made a Myanmar province in the borders of Myanmar and British India were contiguous for the first time.
The king’s success in Arakan led him to invade Siam Thailand in Bodawpaya’s rule in Arakan was so oppressive that the people revolted in When the king sent an army to crush the revolt thousands of refugees fled to British territory, with Myanmar troops crossing the border in pursuit of the rebel leaders. Conditions on the border became so unsettled that in the British sent a representative to Amarapura.
The disturbances continued, however, and Bodawpaya’s campaigns in Assam added to the tension. Open conflict was narrowly avoided. Bodawpaya was a fervent Buddhist who proclaimed himself Arimittya, Maitreya. He persecuted heterodox sects; made drinking, smoking opium and killing animals punishable by death; and built many pagodas.
His most ambitious project was the Mingun konbaungg. During his reign, he made a major economic survey of the entire kingdom King Bodawpaya’s Pagoda in Mingun is the largest brick building in Asia and, according to some, the world’s largest unfinished Buddhist shrine. Built under King Bodawpaya by konabung of slaves, on the west bank of the Irrawaddy River, it was constructed between and to enshrine a tooth reputedly belonging to Buddha and other sacred objects.
The king is said to have helped conceive the design and used 10, laborers just to fire the bricks at a rate of a day each per person. It has long been said that the temple reached dhnasty a third of its planned height when Bodawpaya died in and the king’s children abandoned construction of the pagoda because it drained to much money from the kingdom’s treasury. Kkonbaung, it appears, was a story dreamed up and perpetuated by the British who wanted to discredit the Burmese royals by making them seem decadent.
Each side of the enormous brick base is feet high, the lowest terrace measures feet across.
The colossal decorated door is feet high. The shrine was used until inwhen an earthquake created the huge fracture and fissures on the facade of the shrine that visitors see today. Visitors climb to the top on a modern stairway mounted on the ruined corner of the monument.
No access to the summit originally existed. Evidence gleaned from royal documents seems to indicate the temple was finished and that thus had a new design that was different from designs used in the past. It now seems the temple was designed as a broad temple rather than being the unfinished base of a tall one. Leading to the temple is a formal processional path from the river with crouching guardian lions marking the entrance.
Each of the four faces of the pagoda has a year-old ornamental doorway leading to a small room whose purpose is unknown. Inside the chamber facing the river is a relatively new Buddha statue at which local people leave offerings of food and flowers. Downstream from the pagoda a little closer to the river bank is a foot-high model of King Bodawpaya’s Pagoda. Downstream from the model is Settawya Pagoda, which contains a footprint of Buddha that was brought to Mingun by King Bodawpaya when the relic chamber in the base of his huge pagoda was sealed up.
The building of Mingun Pahtodawgyi started in According to the tall tower theory had it been completed it would have been feet tall. It was stopped at feet height.
Its girth is about dynssty feet. It is King Bodawpaya built Mingun Pahtodawgyi aiming to worship it from Shwebo in the distance where he has ascended to the konbauhg.
There are two enormous statues of lions in Mingun. One of the main attractions is the east stairway of Pahtodawgyi which faces the Irrawaddy river. From here, you can also enjoy natural scenic beauty of Irrawaddy dynasyt and green kojbaung pleasant Minwun hill. If this pagoda been completed. The bell was made of bronze; but it is said that Buddhist devotees inserted gold, silver ornaments and jewellery into the bronze.
The bell measures eleven cubits and four thits fingers in diameter at its mouth; 33 cubits. It weighs viss. It is the world’s biggest ringing bell. Knowledge increases by commerce; and as they are not shackled by any prejudices of casts, restricted to hereditary occupations, or forbidden from participating with strangers in every social bond, their advancement will, in all probability be rapid. At present so far from being in a state of intellectual darkness, although they have not explored the depths of science, or reached to excellence in the finer arts, they yet have an undeniable claim to the character of a civilised, and well instructed, people.
Their laws are wise and pregnant with sound konnaung their police is better regulated than in most European countries; their natural disposition is friendly, and hospitable to strangers; and their manners rather expressive of manly candour, than courteous dissimulation: Few, however are versed in more erudite volumes of science, which, containing many Shanscrit terms, and often written in Pali text, are like the Hindoo Shasters above the comprehension of the multitude; but dynashy feudal system, which cherishes ignorance, and renders man the property of man, still operates as a check to civilisation and improvement.
This is a bar which gradually weakens, as their acquaintance with the customs and manners of other nations extends; and unless the rage of civil discord be again excited, or some foreign power impose an alien yoke, the Birmans bid fair to be a prosperous, wealthy, and enlightened people. In Dynastj Bandula served in the Myanmar army occupying Manipur and two years later he commanded a second Myanmar force in the conquest of Assam. King Bagyidaw subsequently appointed him governor of Assam and minister at the court of Ava.
In January because of increased tensions along the Bengal-Arakan border he was sent with 6, troops to Arakan. When the British declared war in March. His objective konbaunh to seize Chittagong and Dacca in a lightning thrust and, with the aid of a second Myanmar army marching from Assam, kpnbaung expel the British from Bengal.
His plan was frustrated.
Konbaung Dynasty of Myanmar
The opening of a second front obliged him to call off the campaign and make a difficult retreat over the Arakan Yoma to Ava. After raising a large army in northern Myanmar Maha Bandula marched to Danubyu on the Irrawaddy River, where he established his headquarters in October In December he attempted. When his headquarters fell to the British he retreated to prepare for the defense of Danubyu.
In March the British attacked Danubyu. After he was killed in battle resistance collapsed, Danubyu fell, and the British advanced to Prome, signaling defeat for the Myanmar. Bagyidaw ruled — was the seventh monarch of the Konbaung Dynasty. He was defeated in the First Anglo-Burmese War As a result of this defeat the provinces of Arakan and Tenasserim were lost to the British. Bagyidaw was an ineffectual king but his general Maha Bandula. Bagyidaw’s armies were driven out of Assam, Arakan.
British forces occupied southern Myanmar and advanced toward the capitalm Amarapura near present-day Mandalay. Bagyidaw’s government signed the Treaty of Yandabo; its terms included cession of Tenasserim and Arakan to the British. During the remaining years of his reign.
Bagyidaw attempted to mitigate the harsh terms of the treaty.