HERMANN EBBINGHAUS BIOGRAFIA PDF

Transcript of HERMANN EBBINGHAUS. Barmen – – “Dozent” de la universidad de Berlin – Trabajo sobre la memoria. Hermann Ebbinghaus. AM Biografía. -Sí se reformula -Ebbinghaus rechaza estructuralismo de Wundt por: Extrema dependecia. Bibliografía

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Jung’s work was influential in the fields of psychiatryanthropology, archaeology, literature, philosophy, and religious studies.

Eric Kandel

During this time, he came to the attention of the Viennese founder of psychoanalysisSigmund Freud. The two men conducted a lengthy correspondence and collaborated, for a while, on a joint vision of human psychology. Freud saw in ebinghaus younger Jung the sbbinghaus heir he had been seeking to carry on his “new science” of psychoanalysis and even named him the first head of Freud’s newly founded International Psychoanalytic Association. Jung’s research and personal vision, however, made it impossible for him to bend to his older colleague’s doctrine, and a schism became inevitable.

This division was personally painful for Jung, and it was to have historic repercussions lasting well into the modern day. Among the central concepts of analytical psychology is ebbingaus —the lifelong psychological process of differentiation of the self out of each individual’s conscious and unconscious elements. Jung considered it to be the main task of human development.

He created some of the best known psychological concepts, including synchronicityarchetypal phenomenathe collective unconsciousthe psychological complexand extraversion and introversion. Jung was also an artist, craftsman and builder as well as a prolific writer. Many of his works were not published until after his death and some are still awaiting publication.

Their first child, born inwas a boy named Paul who survived only a few days. Preiswerk was antistesthe title given to the head of the Reformed clergy in the city, as well as a Hebraistauthor and editor, who taught Paul Jung as his professor of Hebrew at Basel University.

When Jung was six months old, his father was appointed to a more prosperous parish in Laufenbut the tension between his parents was growing.

Emilie Jung was an eccentric and depressed woman; she spent considerable time in her bedroom where she said that spirits visited her at night. He reported that one night he saw a faintly luminous and indefinite figure coming from her room with a head detached from the neck and floating in the air in front of the body.

Jung had a better relationship with his father. Jung’s mother left Laufen for several months of hospitalization near Basel for an unknown physical ailment. His father took the boy to be cared for by Emilie Jung’s unmarried sister in Basel, but he was later brought back to his father’s residence. Emilie Jung’s continuing bouts of absence and depression deeply troubled her son and caused him to associate women with “innate unreliability”, whereas “father” meant for him reliability but also powerlessness.

Later, these early impressions were revised: I have trusted men friends and been disappointed by them, and I have mistrusted women and was not disappointed. The relocation brought Emilie Jung closer into contact with her family and lifted her melancholy. Known in the family as “Trudi”, she later became a secretary to her brother. Jung was a solitary and introverted child. From childhood, he believed that, like his mother, [12] he had two personalities—a modern Swiss citizen and a personality more suited to the 18th century.

Although Jung was close to both parents, he was disappointed by his father’s academic approach to faith.

A number of childhood memories made lifelong impressions on him. As a boy, he carved a tiny mannequin into the end of the wooden ruler from his pencil case and placed it inside the case. He added a stone, which he had painted into upper and lower halves, and hid the case in the attic.

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Periodically, he would return to the mannequin, often bringing tiny sheets of paper with messages inscribed on them in his own secret language. Years later, he discovered similarities between his personal experience and the practices associated with totems in indigenous culturessuch as the collection of soul-stones near Arlesheim or the tjurungas of Australia. He concluded that his intuitive ceremonial act was an unconscious ritual, which he had practiced in a way that was strikingly similar to those in distant locations which he, as a young boy, knew nothing about.

At the age of 12, shortly before the end of his first year at the Humanistisches Gymnasium in Basel, Jung was pushed to the ground by another boy so hard that he momentarily lost consciousness. Jung later recognized that the incident was his fault, indirectly. A thought then came to him—”now you won’t have to go to school anymore. He remained at home for the next six months until he overheard his father speaking hurriedly to a visitor about the boy’s future ability to support himself.

They suspected he had epilepsy. Confronted with the reality of his family’s poverty, he realized the need for academic excellence. He went into his father’s study and began poring over Latin grammar.

He fainted three more times but eventually overcame the urge and did not faint again.

Sigmund Freud

This event, Jung later recalled, “was when I learned what a neurosis is. Jung did not plan to study psychiatry since it was not considered prestigious at the time. But, studying a psychiatric textbook, he became very excited when he discovered that psychoses are personality diseases. His interest was immediately captured—it combined the biological and the spiritual, exactly what he was searching for.

Barely a year egbinghaus inhis father Paul died and left the family near destitute. They were helped out by relatives bilgrafia also contributed to Jung’s studies. In later life, he pulled back from this tale, saying only that Sophie was a friend of Goethe’s niece.

Bleuler was already in communication with the Austrian neurologist Sigmund Freud. In he published Diagnostic Association Studies, and later sent a copy of this book to Freud.

It turned out that Freud had already bought a copy. Eventually a close friendship and a strong professional association developed between the elder Freud and Jung, which left a sizeable correspondence.

For six years they cooperated in their work. Consequently, their personal and professional relationship fractured—each stating that the other was unable to admit he could possibly be wrong. After the culminating break inJung went through a difficult and biogrxfia psychological transformation, exacerbated by the outbreak of the First World War.

Henri Ellenberger called Jung’s intense experience a “creative illness” and compared it favorably to Freud’s own period of what he called neurasthenia and hysteria. During World War I Jung was drafted as an army doctor and soon made commandant of an internment camp for British officers and soldiers The Swiss were neutral, and obliged to intern personnel hermanb either side of the conflict who crossed their frontier to evade capture.

Jung worked to improve the conditions of soldiers stranded in neutral territory and encouraged them to attend university courses. InJung married Emma Rauschenbachseven years his junior and the elder daughter of a wealthy industrialist in eastern Switzerland, Johannes Rauschenbach-Schenck, and his wife.

Rauschenbach was the owner, among other concerns, of IWC Schaffhausen — the International Watch Company, manufacturers of luxury time-pieces. Upon his death inhis two daughters and their husbands became owners bioggafia the business. Jung’s brother-in-law— Ernst Homberger —became the principal proprietor, but the Jungs remained shareholders in a thriving business that ensured the family’s financial security for decades.

She eventually became a noted psychoanalyst in her own right. They had five children: Agathe, Gret, Franz, Marianne, and Helene. The marriage lasted until Emma’s death in During his marriage, Jung engaged in extramarital relationships.

His alleged affairs with Sabina Spielrein [26]: Though it was mostly taken for granted that Jung’s relationship with Spielrein included a sexual relationship, this assumption has been disputed, in particular by Henry Zvi Lothane.

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The two men met for the first time the following year and Jung recalled the discussion between himself and Freud as interminable. He recalled that they talked almost unceasingly for thirteen hours. This marked the beginning of an intense correspondence and collaboration that lasted six years and ended in May Jung and Freud influenced each other during the intellectually formative years of Jung’s life.

Jung had become interested in psychiatry as a student by reading Psychopathia Sexualis by Richard von Krafft-Ebing. In Jung was appointed as a permanent ‘senior’ doctor at the hospital and also became a lecturer Privatdozent in the medical faculty of Zurich University. Preceded by a lively correspondence, Jung met Freud for the first time, in Vienna on 3 March The conference at Clark University was planned by the psychologist G.

Stanley Hall and included twenty-seven distinguished psychiatrists, neurologists and psychologists. It represented a watershed in the acceptance of psychoanalysis in North America.

This forged welcome links between Jung and influential Americans. Freud would come to call Jung “his adopted eldest son, his crown prince and successor”.

Hermann Ebbinghaus by Laura Barrantes on Prezi

While he did think that libido was an important source for personal growth, unlike Freud, Jung did not believe that libido alone was responsible for the formation of the core personality. In these tensions came to a peak because Jung felt severely slighted after Freud visited his colleague Ludwig Binswanger in Kreuzlingen without paying him a visit in nearby Zurich, an incident Jung referred to as “the Kreuzlingen gesture”.

Shortly thereafter, Jung again traveled to the United States and gave the Fordham University lectures, a six-week series, which were published as The Theory of Psychoanalysis While they contain some remarks on Jung’s dissenting view on the libido, they represent largely a “psychoanalytical Jung” and not the theory of analytical psychology, for which he became famous in the following decades. Another primary disagreement with Freud stemmed from their differing concepts of the unconscious.

According to Jung, Freud conceived the unconscious solely as a repository of repressed emotions and desires. Freud had actually mentioned a collective level of psychic functioning but saw it primarily as an appendix to the rest of the psyche.

In NovemberJung and Freud met in Munich for a meeting among prominent colleagues to discuss psychoanalytical journals. While Jung spoke, Freud suddenly fainted and Jung carried him to a couch. Jung gave a talk on psychological types, the introverted and extraverted type in analytical psychology.

This constituted the introduction of some of the key concepts which came to distinguish Jung’s work from Freud’s bebinghaus the next half century. It was the publication of Jung’s book Psychology of the Unconscious in that led to the break with Freud.

Letters they exchanged show Freud’s refusal to consider Jung’s ideas. This rejection caused what Jung described in his posthumous autobiography, Memories, Dreams, Reflectionsas a “resounding censure”.

Everyone he knew dropped away except for two of his colleagues. Jung described his book as “an attempt, only partially ebhinghaus, to create a wider setting for medical psychology and to bring the whole of the psychic phenomena within its purview.

Jung spoke biogracia meetings of the Psycho-Medical Society in London in and His travels were soon interrupted by the war, but his ideas continued to receive attention in England primarily through the efforts of Constance Long who translated and published the first English volume of his collected writings.