Another meeting leading to the ‘Heligoland Treaty’, was held in to ensure Africa ‘The benefits of peace and civilisation’ and settled the last disputes which. The Anglo-German agreement of , better known as the Treaty of Heligoland- Zanzibar, resolved the numerous and often complex colonial issues arising. The Anglo-German Treaty of , also known as the Heligoland-Zanzibar Treaty, was an agreement concluded between the United Kingdom and Germany .
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The Heligoland—Zanzibar Treaty German: Under terms of this treaty, Germany gained the small but strategic Heligoland archipelago, which its new navy needed to control the new Kiel Canal and the approaches to Germany’s Heligolanf Sea ports.
In exchange, Germany gave up its rights in the Zanzibar region in Africa, allowing Zanzibar to provide a key link in the British control of East Africa.
Germany gained the islands of Heligoland German: Helgoland in the North Seaoriginally part of Danish Holstein-Gottorp but since a British possession, the so-called Caprivi Strip in what is now Namibiaand a free hand to control and acquire the coast of Dar es Salaam that would form the core of German East Africa later Tanganyikanow the mainland component of Tanzania.
Heligoland–Zanzibar Treaty | Revolvy
Britain divested itself of a naval base which covered the approaches to the heliggoland German naval bases in the North Sea, but which would be impossible to defend as Germany built up its navy. It immediately declared a protectorate over Zanzibar and, in the subsequent Anglo-Zanzibar Wargained full control of the sultanate.
The treaty served German chancellor Leo von Caprivi ‘s aims for settlement with the British. In return, they acquired Heligoland, strategically placed for control over the German Bightwhich, with the construction of the Kiel Canal from onward, had become essential to Emperor Wilhelm’s II plans for expansion of the Imperial Navy.
Wilhelm’s naval policies aborted an accommodation with the British and ultimately led to a rapprochement between Britain and Francesealed with the Entente cordiale in The misleading name for the treaty was introduced by ex-Chancellor Otto von Bismarckwho intended to attack his despised successor Caprivi for concluding an agreement that Bismarck himself had arranged during his incumbency.
However, Bismarck’s nomenclature implied that Germany had swapped an African empire for tiny Heligoland “trousers for a button”.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Historical Dictionary of European Imperialism. Carl Peters and Rreaty Imperialism — Retrieved from ” https: Articles containing German-language text Articles with German-language external links.