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Published on Dec View 84 Download 6. The aged mother by matsuo basho. Long, long ago there lived at the foot of the mountain a poor farmer and his aged, widowed mother. They owned a bit of land which supplied them with food, and their humble were peaceful and happy. Shinano was governed by a despotic leader who though a warrior, had a great and cowardly shrinking from anything suggestive of failing health and strength.
This caused him to send out a cruel proclamation. The entire province was given strict orders to immediately put to death all aged people.
Those were barbarous days, and the custom of abandoning old people to die was not common. The poor farmer loved his aged mother with tender reverence, and the order filled his heart with sorrow.
But no one ever thought a second time about obeying the mandate of the governor, so with many deep hopeless sighs, the youth prepared for what at that time was considered the kindest mode of death. Just at sundown, when his day’s work was ended, he took a quantity of unwhitened rice which is principal food for poor, cooked and dried it, and tying it in a square cloth, swung and bundle around his neck along with a gourd filled with cool, sweet water.
Then he lifted his helpless old mother to his back and stated on his painful journey up the mountain. The road was long and steep; the narrowed road was crossed and recrossed by many paths made by the hunters and woodcutters.
In some place, they mingled in a confused puzzled, but he gave no heed. One path or another, it mattered not.
The Aged Mother by Matsuo Basho
On he went, climbing blindly upward – ever upward towards the high bare summit of what is know as Obatsuyama, the mountain of the “abandoning of aged”. The eyes of the old mother were not so dim but that they noted the reckless hastening from one path to another, and her loving heart grew anxious.
Her son did not know the mountain’s many paths and his return might be one of danger, so she stretched forth her hand and snapping the twigs from brushes as they passed, she quietly dropped a handful every few steps of the way so that they climbed, the narrow path behind them was dotted at frequently intervals with tiny piles of twigs. At last the summit was reached. Weary and heart sick, the youth gently released his burden and silently prepared a place of maatsuo as his last duty to the loved one.
Gathering fallen pine needle, he made a soft cushion and tenderly lifting his old mother therein, he wrapped her padded coat more closely about the stooping shoulders and with tearful eyes and an aching heart said farewell.
The trembling mother’s voice was full of unselfish love as she gave her last injunction. LOOK carefully and follow the path which holds the piles of twigs. They will guide you to the familiar way farther down”. The son’s surprised eyes looked back over the path, then at the poor old, shriveled hands all scratched and soiled by their work of love.
His heart smote him and bowing to the grounds, he cried aloud: I will not leave thee. Together we will follow the path of twigs, and together we will die! Beneath the kitchen ucatro was a walled closet for food, which was covered and hidden from view. There the son his mother, supplying her with everything needful and continually watching and fearing.
Time passed, and he was beginning to feel safe when again the governor sent forth heralds bearing an unreasonable order, seemingly as a boast of his power. His demand was that his subject should present him with a rope of ashes. The entire province trembled with dread. The order must be obeyed yet who in all Shinano could make a rope of ashes? One night, in great distress, the son whispered the news to his hidden mother. I will think” On the second day cuatdo told him what to do. Lay a rope of whithead ashes.
The governor was pleased at the wit of the youth and praised greatly, but he demanded to know where he had obtained his wisdom. The governor listened and then meditated in silence. Finally he lifted his head. masuo
JapanJapanese TraditionsJapan is known for its unique culture and heritage, which has been preserved by the Japanese people since ancient times. The age-old Japanese traditions and customs which give a unique character to the lifestyle of the Japanese people have to be experienced to be truly appreciated. Some of the unique aspects of Japanese life are mentioned here as cuaatro introduction to the traditions of Japan.
The original Japanese gardens were inspired by Buddhist and Chinese philosophy and later evolved to have their own distinct Japanese identity. The gardens found in Japanese temples and shrines are inspired by the Shinto religion and the belief in an ideal state of harmony.
The Japanese attempt to recreate this idealized harmony in their beautifully designed gardens that include aspects such as water, rocks, gravel, moss and miniature plants or Bonsai. Traditional Japanese Architecture has a distinct style deeply influenced by the religions Buddhism and Shintoism.
Houses and temples made of wood, placed on stilts to raise them above the ground, and with sloping roofs made of thatch or tiles create a distinctive silhouette in traditional Japanese architecture. The use of lightweight wood and bamboo to create Fusuma sliding doors and straw or woven grass to create Tatami mats are other unique features of Japanese architectural design.
People usually sat on the floor and furniture only came into widespread use after the late-nineteenth and early twentieth century.
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The Japanese ceremony of preparing and offering tea to revered guests is a formal and stylized ritual, almost like a meditative performance. The art or skill of preparing tea esaciones all the elements of the tea ceremony have special and symbolic meaning. Deeply influenced by Zen Buddhism, the Japanese tea ceremony has evolved into a cultural ritual which means much more than the mere sampling of powdered green tea, and is a unique part of Japanese traditions.
Japan is an island nation and seafood plays an important role in Japanese cuisine. Rice and fish along with vegetables are eaten by most Japanese.
Tofu or soya bean curd is another popular and healthy dish often consumed by the Japanese people. Cuarto food such as Sushi rice flavoured with vinegar and combined with seafood or seaweed and sometimes vegetables and Sashimi cut and sliced raw meat, usually seafood are forms of Japanese cuisine that have become famous worldwide.
Teppanyaki or food cooked on an iron griddle is another popular form of Japanese cuisine. Sake or Japanese rice wine is also drunk at traditional meals as a toast to the health and long life of one’s dining companions.
The Japanese people celebrate many festivals, most of which are of the Buddhist and Shinto religions. Different temples or shrines across Japan have their own specific Matsuri or festive holiday.
THE NARROW ROAD TO OKU (BILINGÜE JAPONES-INGLES)
Some festivals that began long ago are also celebrated today in a modern form. Every year in Spring the Japanese people make time to appreciate the beauty of nature as the Hhaiku trees burst into full bloom and their lovely pink flowers offer a wonderfully appealing sight. People picnic in the Cherry groves, drink tea and Sake and enjoy music in the delightful ambience of the blooming Cherry flowers.
The Cherry Blossom festivals at Okinawa and at Matsuyama Castle in Ehime prefecture are the best-known among many flower festivals across Japan. The natural beauty of the Cherry blossom season is celebrated by the Japanese in their art and music, and even in the designs of their traditional clothing, the Kimono.
The hqiku Japanese costume, the Kimono, is a graceful full-length robe that falls from the wearer’s shoulders to their ankles. The robe is tied around the middle with a sash called the Obi. Kimonos for special occasions were made of rich fabric such as silk, satin and brocade and feature designs inspired by nature such as Cherry blossoms, autumn leaves, butterflies and pine trees. Kimonos are now worn mostly for ceremonial occasions and events such as festivals and marriages.
Japan has a long tradition of painting and woodblock printing. Some of the famous Japanese painters are Utagawa Hiroshige who is famous for the Ukiyo-e or woodblock printing style of art.
Another famous Japanese painter is Katsushika Hokusai who is famous for a series of woodblock prints depicting Mount Fuji. The best known among these is The Great Wave off Kanagawa. The Japanese script consists of characters which estacionex traditionally painted using smooth brushstrokes on handmade paper.
The Four Seasons
The fine art of calligraphy requires many years of practice and was considered essential learning for an accomplished person in Japanese society. The Japanese cultural practice of flower arrangement is a fine art that encompasses the ideas of aesthetics, spirituality, discipline and harmony with nature. It is believed to have evolved from the Buddhist practice of offering flowers in memory of those who have passed away.
The emphasis on minimalism, attention to the line and form of the plants or flowers used in an arrangement and the harmony of the overall arrangement exemplify this Japanese tradition. There are many more fascinating aspects of traditional Japanese culture, such as viewing Mount Fuji, the Samurai Code, Sumo Wrestling and the role of the Geisha.
You can find out more about these uniquely Japanese traditions when you visit this fascinating country. Autumn Night by Matsuo Basho Documents. Japan Poem by Matsuo Basho Documents. Matsuo Basho – Pequea antologa potica Documents. None is Travelling-Basho Matsuo Documents. National Geographic Article Response Spiritual.
Analysis of the Poetry of Matsuo Basho Documents. L’angusto sentiero del nord di Matsuo Basho Documents.