BioPsychoSocial Assessment Tools for the Elderly – Assessment Summary Sheet . Test: EuroQoL Quality of Life Scale (EQ-5D). Year: ; revised EQ-5D is a standardized instrument for measuring generic health status. It has been widely EQ-5D was first introduced in by the EuroQol Group. EQ-5D-5L. Link to website Link to User Guide
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EQ-5D is a standardized instrument for measuring generic health status. It has been widely used in population health surveys, clinical studies, economic evaluation and in routine outcome measurement in the delivery of operational healthcare.
EQ-5D espqol designed for self-completion and as such captures information directly from the respondent, thereby generating data that conforms with the general requirement of euuroqol Patient Reported Outcome PRO measures. Alternative modes of administration have also been developed. Its ease of use and standardized use have resulted in its inclusion in 1,s of peer-reviewed papers over the past 20 years.
The overwhelming majority of these have appeared in clinical journals. QALYs gained is used as the outcome in cost-utility analysis which is a type of economic evaluation that compares eepaol benefit and cost of health care programs or interventions. The EQ-5D questionnaire has two components: Mobility dimension asks about the person’s walking ability.
Self-care dimension asks about the ability to wash or dress by oneself, and usual activities dimension measures performance in “work, study, housework, family or leisure activities”. In the euroqpl part, the respondents evaluate their overall health status using the visual analogue scale EQ-VAS.
As an example, three levels of mobility dimension are phrased as “I have no problems in walking about”, “I have some problems in walking about”, and “I am confined to bed”. The respondents are asked to choose one of the statements which best describes their health status of surveyed day. Rated level can be coded as a number 1, 2, or 3, which indicates having no problems for 1, having some problems for 2, and having extreme problems for 3.
As a result, a person’s health status can be defined by a 5-digit number, ranging from having no problems in all dimensions to having extreme problems in all dimensions. A ‘youth version’ of the EQ-5D-3L descriptive system was developed for self-completion by children and younger people.
Although its brevity contributed a lot for the wide use of EQ-5D, the three-level scale showed some limitations. The major drawback is that it has much fewer descriptive capability of health status compared to other generic instruments. Some of the wordings of the scale were revisited to be clearer and the instruction for EQ-VAS was simplified.
No changes were made for the five dimensions. The validity and reliability of the EQ-5D have been assessed for the different language versions and various health conditions, including cancer, type 2 diabetes, COPD, asthma, and cardiovascular disease, and so on.
EQ-5D-5L has also been recommended to the elderly population as a generic health status measurement, in combination with other supplementary measurements to capture all related aspects in their quality-of-life. There are notes at the both ends of the scale that the bottom rate 0 corresponds to ” the worst health you can imagine”, and the highest rate corresponds to “the best health you can imagine”. In the EQ-5D-3L version, the respondents has to draw a line from the box on the questionnaire to the scale indicates the health state of the interviewed day, while the EQ-5D-5L version asks to mark X on the scale to indicate the today’s health and write the number of the scale marked in the empty box on the questionnaire.
However, it is still useful and the simplest direct method for valuing health-related quality of life HRQoL weights.
EQ-5D-5L | About
Once the health status is assessed from the description part, the 5-digit number can be converted into a preference weight which is also referred to as a single weighted index score.
The choice of the valuation methods can vary. The initial purpose of having visual analogue scale espol the EQ-5D questionnaire was to get preference weights using the scale, but the time-trade-off has become favored because it is a “choice task”, not a “rating task” which easily involves some scaling bias. A value set was developed using time-trade-off in many countries, including the United Kingdom, United States, Spain, Japan, and Germany.
EQ-5D – Wikipedia
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes. Retrieved 22 February Health Policy Amsterdam, Netherlands. Quality of Life Ueroqol. Quality of Life Research: Guidelines for analysing and reporting EQ-5D outcomes. Retrieved from ” https: Health economics Healthcare quality Questionnaire construction Patient reported outcome measures.
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