Esplenectomía por enfermedades hematológicas en la infancia. Splenectomy in . técnica en pacientes drepanocíticos en el año , y posteriormente se ha extendido a . relación con la abierta, sobre todo en la resección total. Minkes et . ESPLENECTOMIA. Education. _abc cc embed. * PowToon is not liable for any 3rd party content used. It is the responsibility of each user to. laparoscópicas utilizando la técnica con 3 trócares en el Ins-. tituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición “Salvador. Zubirán”. Se revisaron los expedientes.

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After spleen removal, you’re more likely to contract serious or life-threatening infections. Your doctor may recommend that you receive vaccines against pneumonia, influenza, Haemophilus influenzae type b Hib and meningococci. He or she may also recommend that you take preventive antibiotics, especially if you have other conditions that increase your risk of serious infections.

If you have time before the surgery, you may need to receive blood transfusions to ensure that you have enough blood cells after your spleen is removed. Your doctor may also recommend that you receive a pneumococcal vaccine and possibly other vaccines to help prevent infection after your spleen is removed.


After you’re unconscious, your surgeon begins the surgery using either a minimally invasive laparoscopic or open traditional procedure.

Esplenectomía – Mayo Clinic

esplenecotmia The method used often depends on the size of the spleen. The larger the spleen, the more likely your surgeon will choose to do an open splenectomy. During laparoscopic splenectomy, the surgeon makes four small incisions in your abdomen. He or she then inserts a tube with a tiny video camera into your abdomen through one of the incisions.

Your surgeon watches the video images on a monitor and removes the spleen with special surgical tools that are put in the other three incisions. Then he or she closes the incisions. Laparoscopic splenectomy isn’t appropriate for everyone. A ruptured spleen usually requires open splenectomy. In some cases a surgeon may begin with a laparoscopic approach and find it necessary to make a larger incision because of scar tissue from previous operations or other complications.

After esplenecto,ia, other organs in your body take over most of the functions previously performed by your spleen. You can be active without a spleen, but you’re at increased risk of becoming sick or getting serious infections.

Esplenectomia by Christian Rodriguez Lopez on Prezi

This risk is highest shortly after surgery. People without a spleen may also have a harder time recovering from an illness or injury. To reduce abieerta risk of infection, your doctor may recommend vaccines against pneumonia, influenza, Haemophilus influenzae type b Hib and meningococci.


In some cases, he or she may also recommend tcenica antibiotics, especially for children under 5 and those with other conditions that increase the risk of serious infections. Make sure anyone caring for you knows that you’ve had your spleen removed. Consider wearing a medical alert bracelet that indicates that you don’t have a spleen.

Solicite una Consulta en Mayo Clinic. Escrito por el personal de Mayo Clinic. Spleen disorders and splenectomy. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; Preparing for surgery to remove your child’s spleen.


Taner T, et al. Splenectomy for massive splenomegaly: Long-term results and risks for mortality.

Splenectomy for conditions other than trauma. Shackelford’s Surgery of the Alimentary Tract.

Rubin LG, et al. Care of the asplenic patient. New England Journal of Medicine. Edgren G, et al. Splenectomy and the risk of sepsis: A population-based cohort study.

Mayo Clinic Health Letter.