“This is a clear presentation of the creed of Ahl al-Sunnah wal Jamā’ah,”. Imam Abu Ja`far al-Tahawi: Text & Translation Imam Abu Ja`far al-Tahawi ( ) can be said to represent the creed of both Ash`aris and Maturidis. Imam Abu Ja`far al-Tahawi (RA): Dr. Mufti Abdur-Rahman ibn Yusuf Mangera ( HA) Imam Abu Ja`far al-Tahawi () can be said to represent the creed of.

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Rama da n 29, AH. We say about All a h’s Taw hi d All a tabawiyya being different from the creation in every way while believing that All a h is the Tahawiyha who enables us to be obedient- that All a h is One [2]without any partners.

There is nothing like Him. There is nothing that makes Him powerless. There is no god other than Him. He is the Eternal [3] without a beginning and the Everlasting [4] without end. He will never perish or come to an end. Nothing happens except what He wills. No delusion can conceive of Him and no comprehension can encompass His Reality [5]. He is different from any created being.

He is Alive and never dies and He manages the entire creation and never sleeps. He creates without His being rahawiyya need for His creation and provides for His creation without encountering any hardship.

He tahaiwyya death wqeedah no fear and quickens without difficulty. He has always existed having His Attributes Eternally before creating the creation. Bringing creation into existence did not add anything to His Attributes that did not exist in Eternity.

It was not only after the act of creation that He is Attributed as the Creator nor was it only by the act of bringing the creation into existence that He is Attributed as the One who made the tayawiyya begin.

He was always the Lord Owner even when the created beings were non existent, and always the Creator even when there was no creation. By the same analogy that He is the Bringer to life of the dead, after He has brought them to life, and deserves this name before bringing them to life, so too He deserves the name of Creator before He has created them.

This is because He has the power to do everything [6]everything is dependent on Him, everything is easy for Him, and He does not need anything. He created the creation with His knowledge. He Destined [8] destinies for those He created. He appointed to them fixed death times. Nothing about them was hidden from Him before He created them, and He knew everything that they would do before He created them. He ordered them to obey Him and forbade them aqeeadh disobey Him.

Everything happens according to His decree and will, and His will is accomplished. The only will that people have is what He wills for them.

What He wills for them happens and what He does not will does not happen. He aqesdah guidance to whoever He wills, and protects them from sinning, and keeps them healthy in their religion and safe from harm, tzhawiyya of Aqeevah generosity; and He makes astray whoever He wills, and casts them down and deprives them His support, and afflicts them, out of His justice.

All of them are subject to His will between either His generosity or His justice. Tagawiyya is exalted beyond having opposites or equals.

No one can aqeeadh off His destiny [9] or put back His ruling or overpower the happening of the matters He willed for them to happen. We believe in all of this and are certain that all things come from Him. Every claim to prophethood after Him is falsehood and deceit.

He is the one who has been sent to all the jinn and all mankind with Truth and Guidance and with Light and Illumination. The Qur’ a n is the word of All a h. The Qur’ a n descended from Him but be certain the Speech of All a h is without a tahawiyyya of being [10]. He sent it down on Tahwwiyya Messenger as revelation.

The believers accept it, as absolute truth. They are certain that it is, in truth, the word of All a h. It is not created, as is the speech of human beings. Hence, anyone who hears it and claims that it is human speech has become an unbeliever. All a h warns him and censures him and threatens him with Fire when He says, Exalted is He:. Tahawiya All a h threatens with the Fire those who say.


We know for certain that it is the Speech of the Creator of mankind and thaawiyya it is totally unlike the speech of mankind. Likening All a h to the Creation is Blasphemous. Anyone who attributes to All a h attributes in any way the same as a human being has become an unbeliever. All those who grasp this will take heed and refrain from saying things such as the unbelievers say, and they will know that He, in His Attributes, is not like human beings.

Arabic Commentaries and Resources for al-’Aqidah al-Tahawiyyah

The Seeing of All a h by the People of Aseedah Al-Jannah is true, without their vision being all-encompassing and without a manner of being [11].

As the Book of our Lord has expressed it:. The explanation of this is as All a h knows and wills. We do not delve into that with baseless interpretation according to our own opinions or deluding ourselves by unsound inclinations. Twhawiyya man’s Islam is not secure unless it is based on submission and surrender. Anyone who desires to know the things that are decreed as not knowable [14]and does not tahawitya with surrender, will find that his desire veils him from the pure clearing of All a h from resemblance to the creation Taw hi dclear knowledge and correct belief, and that he wavers between disbelief and belief, confirmation and denial and acceptance and rejection.

He will be subject to whisperings and will be lost and doubtful, being neither an accepting taahawiyya nor a denying rejecter. Belief of a man in the seeing of All a h by the people of the abode of peace Paradise is not correct if he imagines it fahawiyya his delusions, or interprets it according to his baseless own understanding since the baseless interpretation of this seeing or, indeed, the meaning of any of the matters which are in the realm of Lordship, is by avoiding its unfounded interpretation and strictly adhering to the submission [15].

This is the Religion of Muslims. Anyone who does not guard himself against negating the Attributes of All a hor likening All a h to the creation, has gone astray and has failed to clear All a h from non befitting attributes, because our Lord, the Glorified and the Exalted, is attributed with the Attributes of Oneness and Absolute Exclusivity and no creation is in any way like Him.

He is clear from having limits, boundaries, sides, organs or limbs. Nor is He contained by the six directions as all created things are. All a h ennobled him in the way that He ennobled him and revealed to him what He revealed to him.

All a h blessed him and granted him peace in this world and the next. Al- H aw d: The covenant which All a h made with A dam and his offspring is true. All a h Eternally knew the exact number of those who would enter Paradise Al-Jannah and the exact number of those who would enter Hellfire Jahannam.

This number will neither be increased nor decreased. The same applies to all actions done by people, which are done exactly as All a h knew they would be done. Everyone is facilitated to what he was created for and it is the actions with which a man’s life is sealed which defines his ending. Those who are fortunate winners in the Hereafter are fortunate by the Destining of All a hand those who are deprived losers are losers by the Destining of All a h.

The exact nature of the Destining is All a h’s secret in His creation, and no angel near the Throne, nor Prophet sent with a message, has been given knowledge of it. Delving into it and reflecting too much about it only leads to destruction and deprivation, and results in tyranny.

So be extremely careful about thinking and reflecting on this matter or letting doubts about it assail you, because All a h has kept knowledge of the Destining concealed from human beings, and forbidden for them to enquire about it, saying in His Book.

So anyone who asks in objection: This in sum is what those of All a h’s Waliyys highly pious Muslims with enlightened hearts need to know and constitutes the degree of those firmly endowed with knowledge. For there are two kinds of knowledge: Denying the knowledge which is accessible is disbelief [19]and claiming the knowledge which tahawyiya inaccessible is disbelief [20].


Belief can only be firm when accessible knowledge is accepted and inaccessible knowledge is not sought after. We believe in al-Law h the Tablet and al-Qalam the Pen and in everything written on it.

Arabic Commentaries and Resources for al-‘Aqidah al-Tahawiyyah | IlmGate

Even if all created beings were to gather together to make something fail to exist, whose existence All a h had written on the Tablet, they would not be able to do so. And if all created beings were to gather together to make something exist which All a h had not written on it, they would not be able to do so. The Pen has dried having written down all that will be in existence aqeeah the Day of Judgment. Whatever has missed a person it would have never inflicted him, and whatever has inflicted a person it would have never missed him.

It is necessary for the slave to know that All a h already knows everything that is going to happen in His creation and destined it masterfully and firmly.

There is nothing that He has created in either the heavens or the earth that can contradict it, or add to it, or erase it, or change it, or decrease it, or increase it in any way. Ttahawiyya is a fundamental aspect of belief and a necessary element of all knowledge and recognition of All a h’s clearance of resembling the creation, and of All a h ‘s Lordship.

As All a h says in His Book:. So woe to anyone who displays enmity with All a h concerning the Destining and who, with a sick heart, starts delving into this matter [21]. In his delusory attempt to investigate the Unforeseen, he is seeking a secret that can never be uncovered, and he ends up an evil-doer, telling nothing thaawiyya lies.

He is not in need of the Throne and what is beneath it. He encompasses with his knowledge everything and subjugates it, and what He has created is incapable of encompassing Him. We say with belief, acceptance and submission that All a h took Ibr a aqeedag i m as a Khal i l a special status of being vastly accepted and that He spoke directly to M u s a [24]. We believe in the angels, and the Prophets, and the books which were revealed to the messengers, and we bear witness that they were all following the manifest Truth.

We do not enter into talk about the Reality of All a h nor do we allow vicious debates with the believers about the religion [25] of All a h. We do not argue about the Qur’ a n and we bear witness that it is the Speech of the Lord of all the Worlds. It is the Speech of All a h and no speech of any created being is comparable to it. We do not consider any of the people of our qiblah to he unbelievers because of any sin they have done, as long as they do not consider that sin to have been lawful.

Nor do we say that the sin of a man, as long as he is a believer, does not have a harmful effect on him. We hope that All a h will pardon the people of right action among the believers and grant them entrance tahadiyya Paradise through His Mercy, but we cannot be certain of what they conceal genuinely, and thus we cannot bear witness that they will be in Paradise. We ask forgiveness for the people of wrong action among the Believers and, although we are afraid for them, we do not hold them in despair of the Mercy of All a h.

Certainty [26] and despair [27] of the Mercy of All a h both remove one from the religion, but the path of truth for the aqewdah of the qiblah lies between the two a person must fear and aqeeeah conscious of All a h’s reckoning as well as be hopeful of All a h’s Mercy.