Annona senegalensis subsp. senegalensis. Photo: Mark Hyde Black granite quarry, Mtoko. Annona senegalensis subsp. senegalensis. Photo: Bart Wursten. ANNONA SENEGALENSIS*. DISTRIBUTION. Found within semiarid and subhumid regions as a single shrub in the understorey of: savannah woodlands; open. Authority, Pers. Family, Magnoliopsida:Magnoliidae:Magnoliales:Annonaceae. Synonyms, Annona arenaria Thonn. ex Schum., Annona chrysophylla Boj.
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Annona senegalensiscommonly known as African custard-apple wild custard appleand sendgalensis soursopis a species of flowering plant in the custard apple family, Annonaceae. The specific epithet, senegalensistranslates to mean “of Senegal”, the country where the type specimen was collected. A traditional food plant in Africathe fruits of A. Well known where it grows naturally, it is largely unheard of elsewhere.
Annona senegalensis – Wikipedia
Annona senegalensis takes the form of either a shrub or small treegrowing between two and six meters tall. Occasionally, it may become as tall as 11 m. Its seed viability usually lasts no more than six months. They are often solitary plants within woodland savannah understoryalso frequently in swamp forestsanona riverbanksor on former cropland left fallow for an extended period. It is native to tropical east and northeast, west annina west-central, and southern Africa, as well as southern subtropical Africa, and islands in the western Indian Ocean.
The primary use of this versatile plant is for food, but it has applications in numerous aspects of human endeavor, and every part of the plant has unique properties and uses. The flowers, leaves and fruit are edible and culinary: Flowers are added to spice or garnish meals; leaves are eaten by humans as vegetables, or grazed by livestock. The senegalensos are also used to create a general health tonicin the treatment of pneumoniaand as mattress and pillow stuffing.
Specific to Sudanleaves are boiled in the making of perfume. Bark can be processed to produce yellow-brown dyeinsecticideor medicine for treating a wide array of senegalendis, including worms parasitic on the intestines or flesh notably guinea wormsdiarrheaqnnonalung infectionstoothachesand even snakebites.
Annona Senegalensis Seeds (Annona Chrysophylla Seeds, Anone Seeds)
Natural sensgalensis in the bark is used to close open wounds. Roots are also used medicinally in treating a gamut of conditions, from dizziness and indigestion to chest colds to venereal diseases.
Suckering shoots provide binding fibersand the malleable, pale brown to white wood is used to carve tool handlesor fashioned into poles. Wood ash is an admixture to chewing tobacco and snuffand also in soap production as solvent.
The essential oils in the fruits and leaves are valued for their organic chemical constituents: Certain parts of A. Many South Africans believe the roots can cure insanity. Some Mozambicans feed them to infants to wean them from their mother’s breast. Like other senegalensid within the genus AnonnaA. Controls often employed against the disease include spray applications of fermate or phygon. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
African custard-apple Annona senegalensis fruit on a stem, with leaves near Fada N’gourma in Burkina Faso. This section with questionable factual accuracy needs more medical references for verification or relies too heavily on primary sources. Please review the contents of the section and add the appropriate references if you can. Unsourced or poorly sourced material may be challenged and removed. Retrieved August 3, Lost Crops of Africa: Lost Crops of Africa.
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